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gbeg#38 to BE, to HAVE & CAN en pasado

En español existen dos pasados simples: el pretérito perfecto simple y el pretérito imperfecto, ambos de indicativo. En inglés sólo hay un pasado simple. Por tanto, el pasado simple en inglés siempre tiene dos traducciones al castellano.

I was Yo era / Yo fui
I had  Yo tuve / Yo tenía
I could  Yo pude / Yo podía
Yo supe / Yo sabía

El pasado de los verbos to be, to have got & can sigue la misma estructura que el presente para hacer la interrogativa (invertir la posición con el sujeto) y la negativa (añadir not al verbo), que es la propia de todos los verbos auxiliares.

El verbo to have, usado en inglés americano, se considera un verbo ordinario y sigue las reglas normales del pasado simple.

Pasado de be

Afirmativa Interrogativa Negativa
I was  Was I? I wasn’t 
You were  Were you? You weren’t 
He was  Was he? He wasn’t 
She was  Was she? She wasn’t 
It was  Was it? It wasn’t 
We were  Were we? We weren’t 
You were  Were you? You weren’t 
They were  Were they? They weren’t 

Pasado de have got

Afirmativa Interrogativa Negativa
I had got Had I got? I hadn’t got
You had got Had you got? You hadn’t got
He had got Had he got? He hadn’t got
She had got Had she got? She hadn’t got
It had got Had it got? It hadn’t got
We had got Had we got? We hand’t got
You had got Had you got? You hadn’t got
They had got Had they got? They hadn’t got

Pasado de have

Afirmativa Interrogativa Negativa
I had  Did I have? I didn’t have
You had  Did you have? You didn’t have
He had  Did he have? He didn’t have
She had Did she have? She didn’t have
It had Did it have? It didn’t have
We had  Did we have? We didn’t have
You had  Did you have? You didn’t have
They had  Did they have? They didn’t have

Pasado de can

Afirmativa Interrogativa Negativa
I could  Could I? I couldn’t 
You could  Could you? You couldn’t 
He could  Could he? He couldn’t 
She could  Could she? She couldn’t 
It could  Could it? It couldn’t 
We could  Could we? We couldn’t 
You could  Could you? You couldn’t 
They could  Could they? They couldn’t 

 

 

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ebeg#38 to BE, to HAVE & CAN en pasado

 

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