Print Friendly, PDF & Email

doubts# Reglas para usar the en inglés

Muchos estudiantes tienen problemas con las reglas para usar the en inglés, pero es bastante fácil si sabemos cómo hacerlo bien.

the

el, la, los, las

Partiendo de la base de que the en español significa el, la los, las resulta mucho más fácil tratar de aprenderse las reglas para usar the en inglés precisamente fijándonos en cuando no se usa.

Las reglas para usar the en inglés — cuando NO se usa el artículo determinado

Delante de sustantivos indefinidos en plural, es decir, cuando se habla en general.

I like cats

Women are more sensitive than men

English people are tall

Sí se usa el artículo determinado cuando se especifica

I like the cats that you have at home

The women who live here are more sensitive than I anticipate

The English people from the North are the tallest

No se usa delante de los nombres propios, pero hay excepciones

  • The + apellido en plural = la familia + apellido

The Johnsons = The Johnson family

  • the + apellido o nombre en singular se puede usar para distinguir a dos personas

A — We have two Mr Johnsons working here. Which one are you looking for?

B — I am looking for the Mr Johnson who works in sales

  • the no se usa delante de título + nombre, pero sí se usa solo con el título

Captain Haddock is Tintin´s sidekick

The captain commanded to sail off immediately

  • The Misses + apellido en singular = hermanas solteras

The Misses Johnson

Delante de sustantivos abstractos, salvo que se usen en un sentido particular.

Children fear darkness
The darkness in the top floor scared my nephews
I need to find accommodation for my trip to Vegas  
The accommodation provided by the company was outstanding 
We all are equal in death
The death of the astronaut shocked everybody
Men are interfering with nature too much
The nature of his actions is still unclear

No se usa delante de home, salvo que este precedida o seguida de una descripción.

I went home
I went to the beautiful home he owns
They went home earlier yesterday
They went to the home that used to belong to my dad

No se usa delante de sustantivos que pueden referirse tanto a un lugar como a una actividad, cuando se usan/visitan para su propósito principal.

  • We go to the
churchto pray
schoolto study
collegeto study
bedto sleep
seato sail
marketto sell / buy
hospitalto be treated
prisonto be punished
courtto be judged
workto work
  • We are at the
churchas worshipers
schoolas students
collegeas students
bedas sleepers
seaas sailors
marketas sellers / buyers
hospitalas patients
prisonas prisoners
courtas litigants
workas workers
I go to church (to pray) every day
I went to the church to admire the stained glass
My children are at school right now
My husband is at the school watching our children singing carols
She went to prison for her crime
She went to the prison to visit her sister
He went to bed (to sleep)
He went to the bed to jump on it

Sin embargo, otros sustantivos similares sí llevan the, en cualquier caso.

the cathedral the office
the cinema the theater
I go the the cathedral to pray every day
I went to the cathedral to admire the stained glass

Delante de partes del cuerpo y la ropa, porque normalmente llevan un posesivo.

I hurt my arm while playing football
Her dress is so beautiful
The dog bit Mary´s leg
The dog bit Mary on her leg
I patted him on the shoulder
I patted his shoulder
He cut himself in the hand
He cut his hand

Si tienes dudas sobre si poner el artículo o no, siempre puedes sustituirlo por un adjetivo posesivo (my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their) o uno demostrativo (this, that, these, those).


 

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

idiomium